AP Economics Writer
WASHINGTON — Consumers are giving a modest lift to the economy.
They spent more on trucks, electronics and building supplies in October to boost retail sales for the fifth straight month.
The gains provide an encouraging start for the October-December quarter. They come just as separate reports show that wholesale prices are flattening and U.S. shoppers are spending more at Wal-Mart, the world’s largest retailer.
Still, consumers might not be able to sustain their spending growth if unemployment remains high and pay raises scant. And Europe may be on the brink of a recession that could further slow U.S. growth next year.
“The consumer has to come through this holiday season if we are going to get back to more decent growth rates, and the early readings are those households have hit the stores quite strongly,” said Joel Naroff, chief economist at Naroff Economic Advisors.
Retail sales rose 0.5 percent from September to October, the Commerce Department said Tuesday. Healthy auto sales helped. Even without autos, sales rose by the most since March.
And excluding autos and sales at gasoline stations, sales rose 0.7 percent, also the biggest increase since March.
Sales of electronics, appliances, hardware and building supplies all benefited from the pickup in spending. Sales also rose at grocery stores, bars and restaurants and health care stores.
A rebound in consumer spending was the key reason why the economy grew at an annual rate of 2.5 percent in the July-September quarter. It was the best quarterly performance in a year.
Economists said the October retail sales data suggest that the economy is growing at roughly the same pace in the final three months of the year. Consumer spending fuels about 70 percent of economic activity.
Stronger growth has helped calm fears that the U.S. economy might be at risk of another recession.
Still, economists worry that the spending can’t continue at the same pace. Over the summer, consumers spent more while earning less. Many had to dip into their savings to make up the difference.
“Overall, the economy appears to be growing at a decent clip,” said Paul Dales, a senior U.S. economist at Capital Economics.
Still, Dales added, “Consumption cannot grow at a faster rate than incomes indefinitely.”
Many fear Europe’s debt crisis is on the verge of triggering a recession in the region. The eurozone economy grew just 0.2 percent in the July-September quarter, according to the European Union statistics office. It was the second straight quarter of paltry growth.
Most economists say it won’t improve in the months ahead. Consumers and governments in Europe are expected to spend less because of the debt crisis.
Tuesday’s figures did not include some countries, notably Greece and Italy — two countries that threaten to take down the rest of the region because of their debt crises. Their preliminary figures are due later this month.
One positive sign for the U.S. economy: Inflation pressures are starting to ease, largely because energy costs have declined.
U.S. companies paid less for wholesale goods last month for the first time since June. And excluding volatile food and energy costs, so-called “core” wholesale prices were unchanged.
Lower prices mean consumers will have more buying power, potentially boosting consumer spending. The jump in gas and food prices earlier this year limited the ability of consumers to buy other goods. That slowed the economy.
Auto sales have also rebounded since the Japan earthquake and tsunami. The 0.4 percent rise in October followed a 4.2 percent surge in September.
Purchases of SUVs and trucks offset a loss in momentum for car sales. The natural disasters had disrupted distribution of parts to U.S. factories and made it harder to obtain some popular models.
In the Miami area, auto sales were decent in October and picked up in the first half of November, said Ed Williamson, part owner of two Buick-Cadillac-GMC dealerships.
People are particular about prices and want incentives, such as low-cost leases, Williamson said. Still, he’s optimistic that the slow auto sales recovery in South Florida will continue into next year.
“I think things started to get better down here in the summer,” Williamson said. “We’ve just seen pretty good showroom traffic all along. But at the moment we’re seeing the most showroom traffic that we’ve seen all year in the first two weeks of November.”
Department stores and specialty clothing shops didn’t fare as well in October.
Megan Dunn, a grad student from Philadelphia, said she’s limited herself to buying clothes on clearance. But she still goes out for dinner sometimes because she enjoys the time with friends and doesn’t mind spending on small treats.
“Eating out is always going to be expensive,” Dunn said. “But it’s a social experience.”
General merchandise stores, which include Wal-Mart and Target, reported flat sales in October after a modest 0.6 percent increase in September.
But Wal-Mart Stores Inc., the world’s largest retailer, reported its first quarterly revenue gain in more than two years at its branded U.S. stores. The retail giant says it did so by focusing on low pricing and by stocking popular brands and products.
The gain is a good sign for the retail industry and the U.S. economy as a whole. Wal-Mart’s core low-income shoppers have been particularly hard hit by unemployment, which has been near 9 percent for more than two years.