Ranganathan’s 5 laws of library science
Many years ago when I was a graduate student, I learned about S.A. Ranganathan, a mathematician and librarian for India who is often called the “father of library science.” During his distinguished career, he developed the five laws of library science, and even though his laws are more than 50 years old, I think they still hold true today and have an important influence on the staff of the Delaware County District Library.
His first law is “books are for use.” That sounds pretty obvious, but Ranganathan observed that in his time people were often prohibited from taking books out of a library and the emphasis was on storage and preservation rather than use. He reasoned that without a book being used, there is very little value to it.
“Every reader his or her book” is his second law, suggesting that every member of the community should be able to obtain library materials as needed, regardless of social, economic or educational status. Further, he believed that librarians should have first-hand knowledge of those they serve and libraries should promote and advertise their services.
“Every book its reader,” emphasizing that each item in a library should be useful to someone in the community.
“Save the time of the reader” recognizes that part of the excellence of library service is its ability to meet the needs of the library customer efficiently.
And Ranganathan’s fifth law is “The library is a growing organism.” This law focused on the need for a library to accommodate growth with materials, physical space, reading areas, shelving and staff.
The Delaware County librarians don’t ritualistically and routinely recite these five laws by any means, but they provide the underpinning for the excellent customer service that we provide. While we may not be able to say them by heart, we certainly stand by their intent.
When and where will the next Winter Olympics by held?
According to the official Olympics website, olympic.org, the city of Sochi has been elected host city of the XXII Olympic Winter Games in 2014. Sochi has a population of 400,000 people and is situated in Krasnodar, which is the third largest region in Russia. The Games will be organized in two clusters: a coastal cluster for ice events in Sochi, and a mountain cluster located in the Krasnaya Polyana Mountains.
Are there rules for fighting in hockey?
The rulebooks of the NHL and The Rules of the Game contain specific rules for fighting. These rules state that at the initiation of a fight, both players must drop their sticks and not use them as weapons. Players must also “drop” or shake off their protective gloves in order to fight bare-knuckled (essentially, “throwing down the gauntlet”), as the hard leather and plastic of hockey gloves would increase the effect of landed blows. Players must also heed a referee warning to end a fight once the opponents have been separated. Failure to adhere to any of these rules results in an immediate game misconduct penalty and the possibility of fines and suspension from future games.
How did Jeff Healey lose his eyesight?
The late blues rocker Jeff Healey lost his eyesight to cancer when he was one year old. Two years later, he was given his first guitar. Though he was shown the usual way to hold the instrument, he found it more comfortable on his lap, with his fretting hand above the neck. His unorthodox approach contributed to the amazingly fluid, soulful style that helped him sell millions of records in the mid-80s. Healey was also accomplished on trumpet and clarinet, playing old time jazz. He died at age 41 in 2008. I found this information in The New Grove Dictionary of Music and Musicians.
If you have a question that you would like to see answered in this column, mail it to Mary Jane Santos, Delaware County District Library, 84 E. Winter St., Delaware, OH 43015, or call 740–362-3861. You can also email your questions by visiting delawarelibrary.org or directly to Mary Jane at firstname.lastname@example.org. No matter how you contact us, we’re always glad you asked.